Shared Cities, Smart Citizens

Shared Cities, Smart Citizens examines the conditions for building shared smart cities based on data commons and explores how these data commons can contribute to the empowerment of citizens.

We will research the roles and powers community stakeholders have, the ways in which they interact with data, and how creative and participatory methodologies could serve to apply/realize the concept of a data commons in real-life projects to tackle urban challenges. Placed at the center of addressing these challenges are public values and the rights and needs of citizens.


Three forms of participatory research methodologies that empower citizens to engage with and respond to urban challenges are explored. Each of these challenges focuses on a different domain and region.


Each subproject published a research report and additional visual or textual material. This can be found below and on the subsequent project pages (above). The different research methodologies followed in each project were recorded in practice timelines which can be accessed on the different project pages and through the co-creation navigator hosted by Waag.

data commons

Commons are shared resources managed by communities with an aim of assuring their sustainability and inclusivity. Data commons entail a governance structure in which stakeholders manage and share data based on public/collectively defined (dynamic) values and terms. Agreement on how the data can be used are fundamental especially when personal data are being handled, or data comes from multiple sources.

smart citizens

We use the term 'smart citizens' as opposed to the term 'smart city'. A smart city is an urban development vision to integrate information and communication technology (ICT) and Internet of things (IoT) technology in a secure fashion to manage a city's assets. We believe the city should not get smarter, but it's citizens.